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Ciena Reports Fiscal Fourth Quarter 2018 and Year-End Financial Results

December 13, 2018

Announces new share repurchase program of up to $500 million

HANOVER, Md.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Ciena® Corporation (NYSE: CIEN), a network strategy and technology company, today announced unaudited financial results for its fiscal fourth quarter and year ended October 31, 2018.

  • Q4 Revenue: $899.4 million, increasing 20.8% year over year
  • Q4 Net Income per Share: $0.34 GAAP; $0.53 adjusted (non-GAAP)
  • Share Repurchases: Repurchased approximately 1.3 million shares of common stock for an aggregate price of $36.2 million during the quarter

“We achieved outstanding financial results in our fourth quarter and fiscal 2018 due to continued execution of our proven strategy," said Gary B. Smith, president and CEO, Ciena. "The combination of our innovation strength, successful interception of market trends and sustained ability to take share and outperform the market, along with a thriving industry environment, gives us tremendous confidence in both the near and longer term outlook for our business.”

For the fiscal fourth quarter 2018, Ciena reported revenue of $899.4 million as compared to $744.4 million for the fiscal fourth quarter 2017. For fiscal year 2018, Ciena reported revenue of $3.09 billion, as compared to $2.80 billion for fiscal year 2017.

Ciena's GAAP net income for the fiscal fourth quarter 2018 was $64.0 million or $0.34 per diluted common share, which compares to a GAAP net income of $1,160.1 million, or $7.32 per diluted common share, for the fiscal fourth quarter 2017. For fiscal year 2018, Ciena's GAAP net loss was $(344.7) million, or $(2.49) per diluted common share, as compared to a GAAP net income of $1,262.0 million, or $7.53 per diluted common share for fiscal year 2017.

Ciena's adjusted (non-GAAP) net income for the fiscal fourth quarter 2018 was $81.0 million, or $0.53 per diluted common share, which compares to an adjusted (non-GAAP) net income of $48.5 million, or $0.32 per diluted common share, for the fiscal fourth quarter 2017. For fiscal year 2018, Ciena's adjusted (non-GAAP) net income was $210.6 million, or $1.39 per diluted common share, as compared to an adjusted (non-GAAP) net income of $177.7 million, or $1.14 per diluted common share for fiscal year 2017.

Fiscal Fourth Quarter 2018 Performance Summary

The tables below (in millions, except percentage data) provide comparisons of certain quarterly results to prior periods, including sequential quarterly and year over year changes. A reconciliation between the GAAP and adjusted (non-GAAP) measures contained in this release is included in Appendix A and B to this release.

 
GAAP Results (unaudited)
    Period
Q4 Q4 Change
FY 2018 FY 2017 Y-T-Y*
Revenue $ 899.4 $ 744.4 20.8 %
Gross margin 44.3 % 43.7 % 0.6 %
Operating expense $ 302.2 $ 269.9 12.0 %
Operating margin 10.7 % 7.5 % 3.2 %
 
Non-GAAP Results (unaudited)
Period
Q4 Q4 Change
FY 2018 FY 2017 Y-T-Y*
Revenue $ 899.4 $ 744.4 20.8 %
Adj. gross margin 44.7 % 44.2 % 0.5 %
Adj. operating expense $ 277.7 $ 240.9 15.3 %
Adj. operating margin 13.9 % 11.9 % 2.0 %
 

* Denotes % change, or in the case of margin, absolute change

 
               
Revenue by Segment (unaudited)
Q4 FY 2018   Q4 FY 2017
Revenue   % Revenue   %
Networking Platforms
Converged Packet Optical $ 646.4 71.9 $ 506.4 68.0
Packet Networking 66.5   7.4   92.5   12.5
Total Networking Platforms 712.9 79.3 598.9 80.5
 
Software and Software-Related Services
Platform Software and Services 56.6 6.3 35.9 4.8
Blue Planet Automation Software and Services 10.7   1.2   5.9   0.8
Total Software and Software-Related Services 67.3 7.5 41.8 5.6
 
Global Services
Maintenance Support and Training 67.4 7.5 56.2 7.5
Installation and Deployment 39.3 4.4 33.5 4.5
Consulting and Network Design 12.5   1.3   14.0   1.9
Total Global Services 119.2 13.2 103.7 13.9
       
Total $ 899.4   100.0   $ 744.4   100.0
 

Additional Performance Metrics for Fiscal Fourth Quarter 2018

 
Revenue by Geographic Region (unaudited)
Q4 FY 2018   Q4 FY 2017
Revenue   % Revenue   %
North America $ 555.3 61.7 $ 440.5 59.2
Europe, Middle East and Africa 123.1 13.7 110.7 14.9
Caribbean and Latin America 53.0 5.9 43.5 5.8
Asia Pacific 168.0   18.7   149.7   20.1
Total $ 899.4   100.0   $ 744.4   100.0
 
  • Three 10%-plus customers represented a total of 33.1% of revenue
  • Cash and investments totaled $953.4 million
  • Cash flow from operations totaled $68.0 million
  • Average days' sales outstanding (DSOs) were 79
  • Accounts receivable balance was $786.5 million
  • Inventories totaled $262.8 million, including:

    • Raw materials: $67.5 million
    • Work in process: 9.5 million
    • Finished goods: $188.6 million
    • Deferred cost of sales: $48.1 million
    • Reserve for excess and obsolescence: $(50.9) million
  • Product inventory turns were 6.4
  • Headcount totaled 6,013

Share Repurchase Program

During fiscal year 2018, Ciena repurchased approximately 4.3 million shares of its common stock at an average price of $25.86 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $111.0 million. Highlighting its ongoing commitment to returning capital to shareholders, Ciena today announced that its Board of Directors has authorized a new program to repurchase up to $500 million of its common stock, replacing the previous targeted repurchase plan.

Ciena may purchase shares at management's discretion in the open market, in privately negotiated transactions, in transactions structured through investment banking institutions, or a combination of the foregoing. Ciena may also, from time to time, enter into Rule 10b5-1 plans to facilitate repurchases of its shares under this authorization. The amount and timing of repurchases are subject to a variety of factors including liquidity, cash flow, stock price, and general business and market conditions. The program may be modified, suspended or discontinued at any time.

Supplemental Materials and Live Web Broadcast of Unaudited Fiscal Fourth Quarter 2018 Results

Today, Thursday, December 13, 2018, in conjunction with this announcement, Ciena has posted to the Quarterly Results page of the Investor Relations section of its website certain prepared remarks of management and related supporting materials for its unaudited fiscal fourth quarter and fiscal 2018 results.

Ciena's management will also host a discussion today with investors and financial analysts that will include the Company's fiscal first quarter 2019 outlook. The live audio web broadcast beginning at 8:30 a.m. Eastern will be accessible via www.ciena.com. An archived replay of the live broadcast will be available shortly following its conclusion on the Investor Relations page of Ciena's website.

Notes to Investors

Forward-Looking Statements. You are encouraged to review the Investors section of our website, where we routinely post press releases, SEC filings, recent news, financial results, supplemental financial information, and other announcements. From time to time we exclusively post material information to this website along with other disclosure channels that we use. This press release contains certain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These statements are based on current expectations, forecasts, assumptions and other information available to the Company as of the date hereof. Forward-looking statements include statements regarding Ciena's expectations, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future and can be identified by forward-looking words such as "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "should," "will," and "would" or similar words. Forward-looking statements in this release include: "The combination of continued execution against our strategy and robust, broad-based customer demand resulted in outstanding fiscal third quarter performance."; "With our diversification, global scale and innovation leadership, we remain confident in our business model and our ability to achieve our three-year financial targets."

Ciena's actual results, performance or events may differ materially from these forward-looking statements made or implied due to a number of risks and uncertainties relating to Ciena's business, including: the effect of broader economic and market conditions on our customers and their business; changes in network spending or network strategy by customers; seasonality and the timing and size of customer orders, including our ability to recognize revenue relating to such sales; the level of competitive pressure we encounter; the product, customer and geographic mix of sales within the period; supply chain disruptions and the level of success relating to efforts to optimize Ciena's operations; changes in foreign currency exchange rates affecting revenue and operating expense; the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, changes in estimates of prospective income tax rates and any adjustments to Ciena's provisional estimates whether related to further guidance, analysis or otherwise, and the other risk factors disclosed in Ciena's periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on September 5, 2018 and its Annual Report on Form 10-K to be filed with the SEC. Ciena assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking information included in this press release.

Non-GAAP Presentation of Quarterly and Annual Results. This release includes non-GAAP measures of Ciena's gross profit, operating expense, income from operations, earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA), Adjusted EBITDA, and measures of net income and net income per share. In evaluating the operating performance of Ciena's business, management excludes certain charges and credits that are required by GAAP. These items share one or more of the following characteristics: they are unusual and Ciena does not expect them to recur in the ordinary course of its business; they do not involve the expenditure of cash; they are unrelated to the ongoing operation of the business in the ordinary course; or their magnitude and timing is largely outside of Ciena's control. Management believes that the non-GAAP measures below provide management and investors useful information and meaningful insight to the operating performance of the business. The presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to Ciena's GAAP results and these measures are not intended to be a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. Ciena's non-GAAP measures and the related adjustments may differ from non-GAAP measures used by other companies and should only be used to evaluate Ciena's results of operations in conjunction with our corresponding GAAP results. To the extent not previously disclosed in a prior Ciena financial results press release for the relevant period, Appendix A and B to this press release set forth a complete GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation of the non-GAAP measures contained in this release.

About Ciena. Ciena (NYSE: CIEN) is a networking systems, services, and software company. We provide solutions that help our clients create more adaptive networks in response to the constantly changing demands of their users. By delivering best-in-class networking technology through high-touch consultative relationships, we build the world’s most sophisticated networks with automation and scale. For updates on Ciena, follow us on Twitter @Ciena, LinkedIn, the Ciena Insights blog, or visit www.ciena.com.

   
CIENA CORPORATION
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Quarter Ended October 31, Year Ended October 31,
2018   2017 2018   2017
Revenue:
Products 743,867 616,216 2,565,460 2,318,581
Services 155,489   128,233   528,826   483,106  
Total revenue 899,356   744,449   3,094,286   2,801,687  
Cost of goods sold:
Products 421,583 352,992 1,507,157 1,308,295
Services 79,698   65,772   272,439   247,606  
Total cost of goods sold 501,281   418,764   1,779,596   1,555,901  
Gross profit 398,075   325,685   1,314,690   1,245,786  
Operating expenses:
Research and development 134,983 119,108 491,564 475,329
Selling and marketing 112,791 95,877 394,060 356,169
General and administrative 44,539 36,181 160,133 142,604
Amortization of intangible assets 4,654 3,661 15,737 33,029
Acquisition and integration costs 3,778 5,111
Significant asset impairments and restructuring costs 1,460   15,059   18,139   23,933  
Total operating expenses 302,205   269,886   1,084,744   1,031,064  
Income from operations 95,870 55,799 229,946 214,722
Interest and other income (loss), net (13,357 ) 1,344 (12,029 ) 913
Interest expense (14,873 ) (13,926 ) (55,249 ) (55,852 )
Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt (13,887 ) (692 ) (13,887 ) (3,657 )
Income before income taxes 53,753 42,525 148,781 156,126
Provision (benefit) for income taxes (10,224 ) (1,117,531 ) 493,471   (1,105,827 )
Net income (loss) $ 63,977   $ 1,160,056   $ (344,690 ) $ 1,261,953  
 
Net Income (Loss) per Common Share
Basic net income (loss) per common share $ 0.45   $ 8.11   $ (2.40 ) $ 8.89  
Diluted net income (loss) per potential common share1 $ 0.34   $ 7.32   $ (2.49 ) $ 7.53  
 
Weighted average basic common shares outstanding 143,659   143,097   143,738   141,997  
Weighted average diluted potential common shares outstanding 2 157,745   158,791   143,738   169,919  
 

1. The calculation of GAAP diluted net income per common share for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 requires a) adding back interest expense of approximately $0.4 million associated with Ciena's "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes, which were converted by holders thereof immediately prior to maturity during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 and approximately $2.8 million associated with Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes, which were converted at Ciena's election during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, and b) reducing net income by $12.9 million for a non-cash loss due to a mark to market fair value adjustment related to the outstanding conversion feature of Ciena's "New" 3.75% senior convertible notes, which were converted by holders thereof immediately prior to maturity during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, in order to derive the numerator for the diluted earnings per common share calculation.

The calculation of GAAP diluted net loss per common share for fiscal 2018 requires an adjustment of $12.9 million for a non-cash loss due to a mark to market fair value adjustment related to the outstanding conversion feature of Ciena's "New" 3.75% senior convertible notes to the GAAP net loss in order to derive the numerator for the diluted earnings per common share calculation.

The calculation of GAAP diluted net income per common share for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 requires adding back interest expense of approximately $0.4 million associated with Ciena's "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes and approximately $2.3 million associated with Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes to the GAAP net income in order to derive the numerator for the diluted earnings per common share calculation.

The calculation of GAAP diluted net income per common share for fiscal 2017 requires adding back interest expense of approximately $0.9 million associated with Ciena's 0.875% convertible senior notes, approximately $7.2 million associated with Ciena's "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes and approximately $8.7 million associated with Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes to the GAAP net income in order to derive the numerator for the diluted earnings per common share calculation.

2. Weighted average dilutive potential common shares outstanding used in calculating GAAP diluted net income per common share for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 includes 2.0 million shares underlying certain stock option and stock unit awards, 0.7 million and 2.5 million shares underlying Ciena's "New" and "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes, respectively, and 8.9 million shares underlying Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes.

Weighted average dilutive potential common shares outstanding used in calculating GAAP diluted net income per common share for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 includes 1.2 million shares underlying certain stock option and stock unit awards, 1.6 million and 3.7 million shares underlying Ciena's "New" and "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes, respectively, and 9.2 million shares underlying Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes.

Weighted average dilutive potential common shares outstanding used in calculating GAAP diluted net income per common share for fiscal 2017 includes 1.4 million shares underlying certain stock option and stock unit awards, 0.4 million and 13.9 million shares underlying Ciena's "New" and "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes, respectively, 3.0 million shares underlying Ciena's 0.875% convertible senior notes, and 9.2 million shares underlying Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes.

 
CIENA CORPORATION
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share data)
 
October 31,
2018   2017
ASSETS  
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 745,423 $ 640,513
Short-term investments 148,981 279,133
Accounts receivable, net 786,502 622,183
Inventories 262,751 267,143
Prepaid expenses and other 198,945   197,339  
Total current assets 2,142,602 2,006,311
Long-term investments 58,970 49,783
Equipment, building, furniture and fixtures, net 292,067 308,465
Goodwill 297,968 267,458
Other intangible assets, net 148,225 100,997
Deferred tax asset, net 745,039 1,155,104
Other long-term assets 71,652   63,593  
Total assets $ 3,756,523   $ 3,951,711  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 340,582 $ 260,098
Accrued liabilities and other short-term obligations 340,075 322,934
Deferred revenue 111,134 102,418
Current portion of long-term debt 7,000 352,293
Debt conversion liability 164,212    
Total current liabilities 963,003 1,037,743
Long-term deferred revenue 58,323 82,589
Other long-term obligations 119,413 111,349
Long-term debt, net 686,450   583,688  
Total liabilities $ 1,827,189   $ 1,815,369  
 
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock — par value $0.01; 20,000,000 shares authorized; zero shares issued and outstanding
Common stock — par value $0.01; 290,000,000 shares authorized; 154,318,531 and 143,043,227 shares issued and outstanding 1,543 1,430
Additional paid-in capital 6,881,223 6,810,182
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (5,780 ) (11,017 )
Accumulated deficit (4,947,652 ) (4,664,253 )
Total stockholders’ equity 1,929,334   2,136,342  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 3,756,523   $ 3,951,711  
 
 
CIENA CORPORATION
CONDENSED UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
 
Year Ended October 31,
2018   2017
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income (loss) $ (344,690 ) $ 1,261,953
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Loss on extinguishment of debt 10,039
Loss on fair value of debt conversion liability 12,070
Depreciation of equipment, furniture and fixtures, and amortization of leasehold improvements 84,214 77,189
Share-based compensation costs 52,972 48,360
Amortization of intangible assets 25,806 45,713
Deferred taxes 463,631 (1,126,732 )
Provision for doubtful accounts 2,700 18,221
Provision for inventory excess and obsolescence 30,615 35,459
Provision for warranty 20,992 7,965
Other 21,685 22,417
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable (168,357 ) (66,123 )
Inventories (27,445 ) (91,567 )
Prepaid expenses and other (21,425 ) (33,834 )
Accounts payable, accruals and other obligations 85,798 33,897
Deferred revenue (19,344 ) 1,964  
Net cash provided by operating activities 229,261   234,882  
Cash flows used in investing activities:
Payments for equipment, furniture, fixtures and intellectual property (67,616 ) (94,600 )
Restricted cash 117 (54 )
Purchase of available for sale securities (286,824 ) (299,038 )
Proceeds from maturities of available for sale securities 410,109 335,075
Settlement of foreign currency forward contracts, net 9,385 (2,810 )
Purchase of cost method investment (1,767 )
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired (82,670 )  
Net cash used in investing activities (19,266 ) (61,427 )
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt, net 305,125
Payment of long-term debt (292,730 ) (233,554 )
Payment for make-whole provision upon conversion of long-term debt (13,453 )
Payment for modification of term loans (93,625 )
Payment of debt issuance costs (1,936 ) (722 )
Payment of capital lease obligations (3,624 ) (3,562 )
Shares repurchased for tax withholdings on vesting of restricted stock units (4,757 )
Repurchases of common stock-repurchase program (110,981 )
Proceeds from issuance of common stock 23,127   20,412  
Net cash used in financing activities (99,229 ) (311,051 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents (5,856 ) 494  
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 104,910 (137,102 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of fiscal year 640,513   777,615  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of fiscal year $ 745,423   $ 640,513  
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
Cash paid during the fiscal year for interest $ 44,750 $ 47,235
Cash paid during the fiscal year for income taxes, net $ 26,900 $ 22,136
Non-cash investing and financing activities
Purchase of equipment in accounts payable $ 5,118 $ 6,214
Building subject to capital lease $ $ 50,370
Contingent consideration for acquisition of business $ 10,900 $
Conversion of 3.75% convertible senior notes, due October 15, 2018 (Original) into 3,038,208 shares of common stock $ 61,270 $
Conversion of 4.0% convertible senior notes, due December 15, 2020 into 9,197,943 shares of common stock, net $ 214,286 $
 
 
APPENDIX A- Reconciliation of Adjusted (Non- GAAP) Measurements (unaudited)
       
Quarter Ended Year Ended
October 31, October 31,
2018 2017 2018 2017
Gross Profit Reconciliation (GAAP/non-GAAP)
GAAP gross profit $ 398,075   $ 325,685   $ 1,314,690   $ 1,245,786  
Share-based compensation-products 705 694 2,984 2,672
Share-based compensation-services 651 561 2,616 2,487
Amortization of intangible assets 2,957   2,332   10,069   12,685  
Total adjustments related to gross profit 4,313   3,587   15,669   17,844  
Adjusted (non-GAAP) gross profit $ 402,388   $ 329,272   $ 1,330,359   $ 1,263,630  
Adjusted (non-GAAP) gross profit percentage 44.7 % 44.2 % 43.0 % 45.1 %
 
Operating Expense Reconciliation (GAAP/non-GAAP)
GAAP operating expense $ 302,205   $ 269,886   $ 1,084,744   $ 1,031,064  
Share-based compensation-research and development 3,385 2,956 13,518 12,957
Share-based compensation-sales and marketing 3,741 3,218 14,246 12,846
Share-based compensation-general and administrative 5,588 4,130 19,709 17,321
Amortization of intangible assets 4,654 3,661 15,737 33,029
Acquisition and integration costs 3,778 5,111
Significant asset impairments and restructuring costs 1,460 15,059 18,139 23,933
Legal settlements 1,929     4,682    
Total adjustments related to operating expense $ 24,535   $ 29,024   $ 91,142   $ 100,086  
Adjusted (non-GAAP) operating expense $ 277,670   $ 240,862   $ 993,602   $ 930,978  
 
Income from Operations Reconciliation (GAAP/non-GAAP)
GAAP income from operations $ 95,870   $ 55,799   $ 229,946   $ 214,722  
Total adjustments related to gross profit 4,313 3,587 15,669 17,844
Total adjustments related to operating expense 24,535   29,024   91,142   100,086  
Total adjustments related to income from operations 28,848   32,611   106,811   117,930  
Adjusted (non-GAAP) income from operations $ 124,718   $ 88,410   $ 336,757   $ 332,652  
Adjusted (non-GAAP) operating margin percentage 13.9 % 11.9 % 10.9 % 11.9 %
 
Net Income (Loss) Reconciliation (GAAP/non-GAAP)
GAAP net income (loss) $ 63,977 $ 1,160,056 $ (344,690 ) $ 1,261,953
Exclude GAAP provision (benefit) for income taxes (10,224 ) (1,117,531 ) 493,471   (1,105,827 )
Income before income taxes 53,753 42,525 148,781 156,126
Total adjustments related to income from operations 28,848 32,611 106,811 117,930
Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt 13,887 692 13,887 3,657
Non-cash interest expense 727 525 2,579 2,099
Change in fair value of debt conversion liability 12,070     12,070    
Adjusted income before income taxes 109,285 76,353 284,128 279,812
Non-GAAP tax provision on adjusted income before income taxes 28,272   27,869   73,504   102,131  
Adjusted (non-GAAP) net income $ 81,013   $ 48,484   $ 210,624   $ 177,681  
 
Weighted average basic common shares outstanding 143,659   143,097   143,738   141,997  
Weighted average dilutive potential common shares outstanding 1 157,745   158,791   158,884   169,919  
 
Net Income (Loss) per Common Share
GAAP diluted net income (loss) per common share $ 0.34 $ 7.32 $ (2.49 ) $ 7.53
Adjusted (non-GAAP) diluted net income per common share 2 $ 0.53 $ 0.32 $ 1.39 $ 1.14
 

1. Weighted average dilutive potential common shares outstanding used in calculating adjusted (non-GAAP) diluted net income per common share for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 includes 2.0 million shares underlying certain stock option and stock unit awards, 0.7 million and 2.5 million shares underlying Ciena's "New" and "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes, respectively, which were converted by holders thereof immediately prior to maturity during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, and 8.9 million shares underlying Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes, which were converted at Ciena's election during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018.

Weighted average dilutive potential common shares outstanding used in calculating adjusted (non-GAAP) diluted net income per common share for fiscal 2018 includes 1.4 million shares underlying certain stock option and stock unit awards, 1.8 million and 2.9 million shares underlying Ciena's "New" and "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes, respectively, and 9.1 million shares underlying Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes.

Weighted average dilutive potential common shares outstanding used in calculating adjusted (non-GAAP) diluted net income per common share for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 includes 1.2 million shares underlying certain stock option and stock unit awards, 1.6 million and 3.7 million shares underlying Ciena's "New" and "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes, respectively, and 9.2 million shares underlying Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes.

Weighted average dilutive potential common shares outstanding used in calculating adjusted (non-GAAP) diluted net income per common share for fiscal 2017 includes 1.4 million shares underlying certain stock option and stock unit awards, 0.4 million and 13.9 million shares underlying Ciena's "New" and "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes, respectively, 3.0 million shares underlying Ciena's 0.875% convertible senior notes and 9.2 million shares underlying Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes.

2. The calculation of adjusted (non-GAAP) diluted net income per common share for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 requires adding back interest expense of approximately $0.4 million associated with Ciena's "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes and approximately $2.3 million associated with Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes to the adjusted (non-GAAP) net income in order to derive the numerator for the adjusted (non-GAAP) earnings per common share calculation.

The calculation of adjusted (non-GAAP) diluted net income per common share for fiscal 2018 requires adding back interest expense of approximately $1.8 million associated with Ciena's "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes and approximately $8.7 million associated with Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes to the adjusted (non-GAAP) net income in order to derive the numerator for the adjusted (non-GAAP) earnings per common share calculation.

The calculation of adjusted (non-GAAP) diluted net income per common share for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 requires adding back interest expense of approximately $0.4 million associated with Ciena's "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes and approximately $1.9 million associated with Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes to the adjusted (non-GAAP) net income in order to derive the numerator for the adjusted (non-GAAP) earnings per common share calculation.

The calculation of adjusted (non-GAAP) diluted net income per common share for fiscal 2017 requires adding back interest expense of approximately $0.9 million associated with Ciena's 0.875% convertible senior notes, approximately $7.2 million associated with Ciena's "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes and approximately $7.4 million associated with Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes to the adjusted (non-GAAP) net income in order to derive the numerator for the adjusted (non-GAAP) earnings per common share calculation.

 
APPENDIX B- Calculation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (unaudited)
       
Quarter Ended Year Ended
October 31, October 31,
2018 2017 2018 2017
Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA)
Net income (loss) (GAAP) $ 63,977 $ 1,160,056 $ (344,690 ) $ 1,261,953
Add: Interest expense 14,873 13,926 55,249 55,852
Less: Interest and other income (loss), net (13,357 ) 1,344 (12,029 ) 913
Add: Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt (13,887 ) (692 ) (13,887 ) (3,657 )
Add: Provision (benefit) for income taxes (10,224 ) (1,117,531 ) 493,471 (1,105,827 )
Add: Depreciation of equipment, building, furniture and fixtures, and amortization of leasehold improvements 21,110 21,316 84,214 77,189
Add: Amortization of intangible assets 7,611   5,993   25,806   45,713  
EBITDA 124,591   83,108   339,966   337,624  
Add: Shared-based compensation cost 14,076 11,517 52,972 48,360
Add: Significant asset impairments and restructuring costs 1,460 15,059 18,139 23,933
Add: Acquisition and integration costs 3,778 5,111
Add: Legal settlement 1,929     4,682    
Adjusted EBITDA 145,834   109,684   420,870   409,917  
 

The adjusted (non-GAAP) measures above and their reconciliation to Ciena's GAAP results for the periods presented reflect adjustments relating to the following items:

  • Share-based compensation - a non-cash expense incurred in accordance with share-based compensation accounting guidance.
  • Amortization of intangible assets - a non-cash expense arising from the acquisition of intangible assets, principally developed technologies and customer-related intangibles, that Ciena is required to amortize over its expected useful life.
  • Acquisition and integration costs -consist of financial, legal and accounting advisors' costs and severance and other employment-related costs related to Ciena's acquisition of Packet Design and DonRiver. Ciena does not believe that these costs are reflective of its ongoing operating expense following its completion of these integration activities.
  • Significant asset impairments and restructuring costs - costs incurred as a result of restructuring activities taken to align resources with perceived market opportunities and in fiscal 2017, a significant asset impairment for a trade receivable for a customer in the Asia Pacific region.
  • Legal settlements - costs incurred as a result of settlements, during the third quarter of fiscal 2018, of a commercial dispute with a former vendor, and during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, of securities class action suit relating the initial public offering of Cyan.
  • Loss on extinguishment and modification of debt - reflects extinguishment of debt costs related to our conversion of Ciena's 4.0% convertible senior notes and debt modification expenses related to refinancing our then existing term loan, both of which occurred during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018. For fiscal 2017, this reflects debt modification expenses related to our then existing term loans that were refinanced during the second quarter of fiscal 2017, the exchange offer of Ciena's "Original" 3.75% convertible senior notes and extinguishment of debt losses related to certain private repurchase transactions during fiscal 2017 of Ciena's then outstanding 0.875% convertible senior notes.
  • Non-cash interest expense - a non-cash debt discount expense amortized as interest expense during the term of Ciena's 4.0% senior convertible notes, which were converted during the fourth quarter of 2018, relating to the required separate accounting of the equity component of these convertible notes.
  • Change in fair value of debt conversion liability - a non-cash loss reflective of a mark to market fair value adjustment related to the outstanding conversion feature of Ciena's "New" 3.75% senior convertible notes.
  • Non-GAAP tax provision - consists of current and deferred income tax expense commensurate with the level of adjusted income before income taxes and utilizes a current, blended U.S. and foreign statutory annual tax rate of 25.87% for the fourth fiscal quarter of 2018, and 36.5% for the fourth fiscal quarter of 2017. This rate may be subject to change in the future, including as a result of changes in tax policy or tax strategy.

Ciena Corporation
Press Contact:
Nicole Anderson, 877-857-7377
pr@ciena.com
or
Investor Contact:
Gregg Lampf, 877-243-6273
ir@ciena.com

Source: Ciena Corporation

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